North Seas Energy Cooperation

12 September 2022

Members of the North Seas Energy Cooperation (NSEC) grasp historic opportunity to accelerate Europe’s move towards energy independence

 Energy Ministers from the members of the North Seas Energy Cooperation (NSEC) and the European Commission have today (12th September) announced a significant increase in their collective ambition in the deployment of offshore renewable energy. At their Ministerial Meeting in Dublin, under the Irish Co-Presidency of NSEC, the NSEC ministers have – for the first time – agreed aggregate, non-binding offshore renewable energy targets for the maritime area of the entire NSEC region.

 The nine NSEC countries have agreed to reach at least 260GW of offshore wind energy by 2050. This will represent more than 85% of the EU-wide ambition* of reaching 300GW by 2050. Ministers and the Commission reiterated their commitment that cooperation within the NSEC will be the framework for achieving their increased offshore ambitions.

 Speaking at the Ministerial meeting, Minister for the Environment, Climate and Communications, Eamon Ryan said:

In Ireland alone our sea area is seven times our landmass. The North Atlantic and North Sea comprise some of the windiest locations on the globe. It is our greatest collective resource of continuous energy and it is momentous that we have agreed today to be ambitious in our targets, as a collective. Russia’s illegal invasion of Ukraine and the consequential energy price shock and security of supply crisis has shown us how crucial it is that we move away, as quickly as possible, from our reliance on expensive and ransomed fossil fuels. It has also shown us how important unity across the European Union has been in responding to this crisis. When it comes to realising the potential of offshore wind, again, it is best that we work in unity, that we set agreed targets, and that we operate as a collective. With this approach, we can provide assurances to householders and businesses – in our own countries and across Europe – that firstly, Europe will be energy independent, and secondly, that these new renewable energy sources and resultant hydrogen from our seas will be fairly shared and, critically, will be affordable.”

Welcoming the new targets, the Commissioner for Energy, Kadri Simson said:

“Today’s commitment is a great example of the kind of regional cooperation that the Commission envisaged in our Offshore Renewable Energy Strategy. It is impressive that the target agreed by nine NSEC countries constitutes more than 85% of the EU-wide ambition we outlined two years ago. The green energy transition has only become more urgent since Russia's invasion of Ukraine. The acceleration of renewables deployment is one of the three pillars of the REPowerEU Plan to end our dependence on Russian fossil fuels. Increasing renewable energy will not only help to improve the sustainability of our energy sector, it will improve our security of supply and the affordability of energy – two challenges that we are facing in the EU at the moment.”

* The EU ambition of achieving 300 GW of offshore wind by 2050 is as set out in the EU strategy for offshore renewable energy.


2 December 2021

North Seas Energy Cooperation Ministerial Meeting 

The North Seas countries (so called “’NSEC” - Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, Sweden, The Netherlands, Norway, together with the European Commission on behalf of the EU) renewed today their Political Declaration and deepened cooperation to meet ambitious offshore wind 2030 - 2050 targets. 

At today’s Ministerial Meeting, under the Belgian Presidency, Energy Ministers and the European Commissioner for Energy signed a new Political Declaration that agreed on key initiatives to accelerate the rate of cost-effective deployment of offshore renewable energy. This will include delivery of voluntary cooperation for joint and hybrid cross-border projects and increased levels of renewable energy interconnection among the members of the North Seas Energy Cooperation. 

The new declaration also sets out how the parties will work together on the development of improved marine spatial plans, including at sea basin level, through the development of a multi-use stakeholder approach to ensure shared usage of marine areas.

The Energy Ministers and the European Commissioner for Energy outlined their intention to harness the potential of offshore renewable energy in the North Seas for a climate neutral future in the EU, with its objective of achieving an installed capacity of at least 60 GW of offshore wind energy and at least 1 GW of ocean energy by 2030 as well as 300 GW of offshore wind energy and 40 GW of ocean energy by 2050. This will play a key role in delivering on the Paris Agreement and COP26 commitments. 

The Ministers and the Commissioner discussed how the initiative can exchange best practices on national support schemes and respective cooperation models, foster the coordination of national maritime spatial planning and offshore tendering processes and support the implementation of innovative wind projects. They also considered the role of the revision of the TEN-E Regulation and the Renewable Energy Directive, these days on the table of negotiation of the Council and the European Parliament, to connect regions currently isolated from European energy markets, strengthen existing cross-border interconnections and promote cooperation with partner countries. 

“NSEC is an outstanding example of how regional cooperation at sea basin level contributes to reach the EU Green Deal objectives, by setting a common direction and working together on ambitious cross-border offshore wind projects. It could be a source of inspiration for other Member States with joint ambitions in developing offshore renewable energy.” said Commissioner Kadri Simson. 

"In order to meet Europe's climate neutrality targets, close regional collaboration and synergetic partnerships in the North Sea is indispensable. With today’s engagements of developing offshore renewable energy, improving marine spatial plans and sharing valuable ecological knowledge, the North Seas Energy Cooperation has again shown itself to be an important frontrunner in achieving those ambitions.", Belgian Minister Tinne Van der Straeten said 

In the last twelve months, NSEC has finalised a study on a long-term vision for the role of offshore renewables by 2050, including the role of hydrogen and inland supporting infrastructure. The study will shortly be published and made available on the EU Commission website. 

Finally, after one year of ambitious and committed work, Belgian Minister Tinne Van der Straeten officially handed over the Presidency of the North Seas Energy Cooperation for the year 2022 to the Irish Minister Eamonn Ryan. Minister Ryan said that “Expectations from industry and climate campaigners are high and we look forward to this initiative speeding up delivery of larger and more complicated projects, including ultimately the full commercial deployment of floating offshore wind turbines combined with green hydrogen generation in our deeper North Sea and Atlantic waters”.


14 December 2020


North Seas countries call for swift follow-up of EU Strategy on Offshore Renewable Energy

At today’s Ministerial Meeting of the North Seas Energy Cooperationi under the German Presidency, Energy Ministers and the European Commissioner for Energy agreed on key initiatives to be undertaken from 2021 to foster the deployment of offshore renewable energy. This includes the realisation of cross-border offshore wind projects that are interconnected among North Seas EU Member States and Norway (joint and hybrid projects) and the use of cooperation mechanisms including by landlocked countries. In their Joint Statement in July, Energy Ministers and the European Commissioner for Energy had called for the development of an enabling framework at EU level, consisting of EU guidance to Member States on the implementation of cross-border projects, adequate electricity market arrangements, and improved and efficient EU financing. Today, the new EU strategy on offshore renewable energy and follow-up actions were discussed. “Regional forums like the North Seas Energy Cooperation are crucial for upscaling offshore renewable energy and hence for achieving our climate targets. Our strategy puts regional cooperation front and center, to facilitate multi-use planning of sea space, cost-efficient development of offshore and onshore grids and joint renewable offshore projects between countries”, Commissioner Kadri Simson said. The strategy addresses topics directly relevant for the North Seas Energy Cooperation, for example by clarifying rules applying to hybrid projects and announcing guidance on cost-benefit sharing. The strategy also announced a scheme for joint long-term commitments per sea basin for the deployment of offshore renewable energy as well as a framework for long-term offshore grid planning to be proposed under the revised TEN-E Regulation. “Expectations are high for the realisation of the first hybrid projects. We are looking forward to a swift development of an EU enabling framework in order to send the right investment signals”, German Minister Peter Altmaier said at the meeting. The potential European capacity of offshore wind energy by 2050 amounts to at least 300 GW according to the Commission, an essential contribution to reaching climate neutrality by 2050.

Since July, progress has been made in the North Seas Energy Cooperation in particular by further developing concrete proposals for hybrid projects, exploring ways for better coordination of maritime spatial and offshore grid planning, including multi-use, and preparations for a study on a long-term vision for the role of offshore renewables by 2050, including hydrogen. In order to improve coordination on the timing of offshore wind tenders, a new online tool has been launched. The tool makes timings of tenders comparable across Member States and thereby ensures both transparency and competition. At today’s meeting, the Presidency of the North Seas Energy Cooperation was officially handed over from German Minister Peter Altmaier to Belgian Minister Tinne Van der Straeten for the year 2021. Ministers and Commissioner Simson will reconvene at the next Ministerial Meeting of the North Seas Energy Cooperation in 2021. 

 i The North Seas Energy Cooperation is a regional energy cooperation forum between currently BE, DE, DK, FR, IE, LU, NL, NO, SE and the European Commission to facilitate the integration of large-scale offshore wind energy in the European energy markets and a more coordinated offshore grid development.


July 2020

North Seas countries call for European enabling framework for offshore wind energy cooperation on the way to climate neutrality

At today’s Ministerial Meeting of the North Seas Energy Cooperation[i] under the German Presidency, Energy Ministers and the European Commissioner for Energy agreed on the key role of offshore wind energy in reaching Europe’s renewable energy and climate targets up to 2050.

The vast potential of the North Seas could contribute in a significant way to an increased deployment of offshore wind energy. In particular, the accelerated implementation of cross-border offshore wind projects that are interconnected among North Seas countries (joint and hybrid projects) could unleash the potential for an efficient deployment of offshore wind energy. This results from reducing costs and space demand of offshore developments as well as facilitating electricity trade, industrial growth and employment in the region, thereby contributing to the European economic recovery.

In a Joint Statement, Energy Ministers and the European Commissioner for Energy agree that existing barriers should be tackled for an accelerated deployment of multinational hybrid offshore wind energy projects as well as other relevant projects. The Commission is encouraged to develop an enabling framework at EU level, which consists of EU guidance to Member States on the implementation of cross-border projects, adequate electricity market arrangements, and improved and efficient EU financing.

“Joint and hybrid offshore wind projects are expected to play an essential role in reaching the energy and climate targets up to 2050”, Germany’s Minister Altmaier said at the meeting. The potential European contribution of offshore wind energy by 2050 amounts to more than 10 times of today’s installed capacity of 22 GW. To this end, annual installation rates of currently 3 GW per year will have to scale up considerably in the coming years.

However, barriers exist to the implementation of joint and hybrid projects. These include different rules between the countries for the use of the sea bed, substantial coordination efforts to set up joint and hybrid projects, potentially unbalanced allocation of costs and benefits across the involved Member States, or competing interests regarding the use of scarce offshore areas for infrastructure to channel offshore wind and to trade between countries.

Important aspects that need to be tackled by enhanced coordination are the design and timing of offshore wind tenders and methodologies to assess the distribution of costs and benefits of the joint and hybrid projects. Ministers and the European Commissioner also agreed to improve their coordination regarding offshore grid planning and onshore grid connection of offshore wind farms. Furthermore, they agreed to improve coordination between maritime spatial planning and offshore grid planning to facilitate the joint ambition of offshore wind energy deployment in the region.

“Today’s meeting is the European Green Deal in action”, Commissioner Simson said at the meeting. “Only by stronger cross-border cooperation, such as between the North Seas countries, will we be able to sufficiently scale up renewable energy production and make Europe the first climate neutral continent.”

Guidance was given by Ministers and the European Commissioner to the support groups to continue their work and present progress at the next Ministerial Meeting. In the second half of the year, the work will focus on a further development of concrete proposals for hybrid projects, maritime spatial and offshore grid planning, and a long-term vision for the role of offshore renewable energy until by 2050, including the role of hydrogen.

Continuity in the North Seas Energy Cooperation beyond 2020 is already ensured: “The energy transition and in particular this cooperation has always been a key policy priority for Belgium, and a common theme of the Benelux regional cooperation. That is the reason why I have offered my candidacy to take over the Presidency of the North Seas Energy Cooperation in 2021”, Belgian Minister Marghem stated.

In the same vein, Luxembourg Minister Turmes welcomes Belgium’s candidacy for the Presidency, wishing her success while assuring Belgium of Luxembourg’s assistance in these new functions. Minister Turmes from Luxembourg also applauded the great progress made this year under the German Presidency. “Improved and efficient use of EU funds is essential to facilitate the realisation of joint and hybrid offshore wind projects. In terms of recovery the EU recovery plan provides an opportunity to mobilise and efficiently use EU funding for such projects.”

Ministers look forward to the upcoming initiatives at EU level in the context of the European Green Deal, in particular the planned EU Offshore Renewable Energy Strategy foreseen in autumn 2020. Ministers and the European Commissioner will reconvene at the next Ministerial Meeting of the North Seas Energy Cooperation in December.

i The North Seas Energy Cooperation is a regional energy cooperation forum between currently BE, DE, DK, FR, IE, LU, NL, NO, SE to facilitate the integration of large scale offshore wind energy in the European energy markets as well as a more coordinated offshore grid development. 


 December 2019

North Seas Energy Cooperation: new work programme on wind energy at sea

Benelux and other countries situated around the North Sea have today agreed on a new work programme concerning wind energy at sea. Special attention will be paid to a project-based approach to offshore wind farms that are connected to several countries at the same time. The countries will also develop a joint vision on where they want to be with regard to offshore wind energy in the year 2050. 

Kadri Simson was installed as the new European Commissioner of Energy scarcely a week ago, yet he has already become acquainted with the Ministers of Energy of the North Sea countries (Benelux, France, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Ireland, United Kingdom and Denmark). These countries - together with the European Commission, and with the Benelux as secretariat - constitute the North Seas Energy Cooperation.

Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg form part of this broader region where the wind at sea blows with sufficient strength to produce approximately 12% of the electricity required for all of Europe by 2030. If the EU wishes to be entirely climate-neutral in 2050, then this figure still needs to be further boosted to 30%. And to make that possible, the countries will have to work together closely, so as to be as cost-efficient as possible, to give this new industry sufficient scale, and to keep a sharp eye out for potential environmental impacts.

With the signal that the ministers have given today, experts can now continue working on e.g. connecting the next round of Dutch wind farms, further out to sea, with the United Kingdom as well. In this way the cables that are laid will offer a double benefit because, when the wind isn´t blowing, electricity can flow from one market to the other. At the same time, the countries will also be doing research on other alternatives, such as e.g. the conversion of wind energy into hydrogen.


 December 2017

High Level in Brussels under NL Presidency

North Sea countries see Benelux-UK region as first international wind-at-sea cluster

On December 19th, the energy and climate ministries of the countries situated around the North Sea consulted about the progress being achieved by their cooperation in the North Seas Energy Forum. In 2016, at the initiative of the Netherlands, the North Sea countries agreed to work together more closely on making the development of wind energy at sea more cost-efficient. Halfway through the action plan, the dual chairmanship (Netherlands and the European Commission) invited the High Level Group on North Seas to draw up an assessment, together with the Benelux secretariat.

The directors-general of the North Sea countries discussed a number of striking results. The Netherlands announced the very first submission for the construction of a large wind farm in the North Sea without subsidy. In the subsidies task force, which meets every three months at the Benelux secretariat, the countries exchange best practices with one another in order to further refine the support mechanisms. The group also worked on a double information mechanism that will give the industry a better view of future tenders while being better spread out over time. This greater investment certainty is lowering the costs for wind at sea, and in the long run will enable the countries to further reduce their subsidies.  

The North Sea states also devoted time to looking further into the future. At present the countries are working on energy agreements with a view to 2030. These translate the agreements of the Paris Climate Accord into national policy. They pinpoint the major choices with which affordability, sustainability and reliability of the energy supply must remain guaranteed. Moreover, decisions are now necessary that will facilitate even greater cost savings over the medium term. This involves the deployment of new technologies, such as energy islands, and the creation of economies of scale, precisely by working on a larger international level.

Above all the Benelux-UK region offers many advantages - with the combination of wind-on-sea and energy trading between the countries - for becoming an international energy cluster. Already-initiated discussions and the existing collaboration were the decisive factors for designating this area as a pilot project for the sustainable energy hub of the future.

The Secretary-General of the Benelux, Thomas Antoine, once again extended a hand to the countries: “It is important to base the choices of the future on facts and carefully thought-out studies. But once these are on the table, it is up to the countries to examine them together and decide about the concrete project. As a neutral meeting place, the Benelux secretariat remains your loyal partner in this process."


May 2017

High Level Malta

Thomas Antoine addresses high-level consultation of the North Seas Energy Forum

The high-level consultation of the countries of the North Seas Energy Forum (Benelux, FR, DE, UK, IE, DK, SE and NO) was held for the first time in Malta. One year after a political declaration was signed, the directors-general for energy reviewed the progress of this regional cooperation on large-scale renewable energy in the North Sea area. Since the beginning, the Benelux Secretariat has been a crucial partner in this initiative, and Secretary-General Thomas Antoine emphasised “the willingness of the Benelux countries to help keep this inspiring project moving forward”. This consultation was co-chaired by the Director-General for Energy of the Belgian FPS Economy, Nancy Mahieu, and by the Director-General for Energy of the European Commission, Dominique Ristori, since this project is one of the priorities of this European Commission.

“A great deal of progress has already been achieved with and by the Benelux countries in this collaboration on the North Sea for more sustainable energy, because we were there at its creation in 2009” said Mr Antoine. He also mentioned the stimulating role played the Benelux in the subsequent organisation of a North Sea Conference in Ostend, and the activities of numerous working groups at the Benelux Secretariat that led to the signing of a ministerial political declaration in 2016.

In the consultation it was agreed that the different working groups will adopt an even more result-oriented approach. In so doing, one will firstly seek to accelerate the developments in a number of promising ´clusters´ for offshore wind energy in the North Sea, such as the area between the Benelux and the United Kingdom. The Benelux Secretary-General recalled to those present a number of useful experiences. For example, he emphasised the importance of giving space to concrete projects in the field in order to make a contribution to the EU renewable energy-objectives, a continued close cooperation between the countries so as to be able to exploit the cost-saving potential of wind energy, and finally to ensure greater control of this energy collaboration with clear roles and responsibilities for all partners.  

In 2009 the Benelux countries were initiators of the consultation amongst the North Sea coastal states. Good collaboration in the planning and coordination of wind farms at sea and the corresponding energy networks is naturally of vital importance. In the meantime, the sector has matured and is beginning to be increasingly competitive. Yet more cooperation is needed in order to maximise the cost reductions. Moreover, an adequate scale is essential, and so the countries are looking for new and larger areas that are both ecologically and socially acceptable. After the initial phase of cooperation between 2009 and 2015, and the political declaration under the Dutch EU Presidency signed in Luxembourg in June 2016, this high-level consultation represents yet another major step forward.  



June 2016

Benelux countries sign North Sea Declaration

In the margin of the EU Energy Council and under the direction of Dutch Minister of Energy Henk Kamp, the Energy Ministers of the North Sea coastal states (Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, Sweden and France), as well as the Benelux countries and the European Commission, have signed a declaration laying out a concrete roadmap for the cooperation that should lead to an integrated network of wind farms in the North Sea. The focus lies on the large-scale development of wind at sea, which will make a contribution to securing a reliable, affordable and sustainable energy supply.  

After the Benelux in October of last year organised a major North Sea Conference in Ostend where many parties emphasised the importance of a regional energy collaboration, a new chapter has begun today with the official North Sea Declaration.  For example, in four areas special working groups are being set up that, over the coming 2 years, will take concrete steps on harmonising subsidy flows, spatial planning rules at sea, network development and standardisation with regard to components for wind turbines. Legal issues are being looked at, but certainly also more technical agreements on how to deal with practical aspects such as marking, health and safety.

This step is of great importance for the Benelux countries in order to be able to meet the sustainability targets that have been set, while at the same time keeping the costs within limits via innovation and economies of scale.

The declaration formalises the role of the Benelux as a consultation platform. Over the past 5 years the meetings of the North Sea Offshore Grid Initiative have already been organised by the Benelux General Secretariat on the basis of the Memorandum of Understanding that was signed by 10 countries in 2010.

This declaration illustrates that there is an ambition and a new élan to bring what some refer to as Western Europe’s energy Silicon Valley to full maturity. The planned investments are huge. A coordinated approach between governments that firstly gives certainty to investors and secondly facilitates innovation thus appears essential in order to get concrete projects up and running.  





For background on this declaration please consult Benelux News item:

La Présidence néerlandaise de l'Union européenne insuffle un nouvel élan à la coopération pour la mer du Nord

Het Nederlands EU-Voorzitterschap  geeft Noordzeesamenwerking boost



Workshop on

Market arrangements and Cost allocation

         The 3rd of September 2014



Countries.pngThe   North Seas Countries’ Offshore Grid Initiative is a regional cooperation of  10 countries to facilitate the coordinated development of a possible offshore   electricity grid in the greater North Sea area. It seeks to maximize the   efficient and economic use of the renewable energy resources as well as   infrastructure investments. This cooperation, formalized by a Memorandum of   Understanding in 2010 (video) , following a Political Declaration in 2009, is supported by the   energy ministries, the regulators and transmission system operators of the 10   participating countries, and the European Commission.






NSCOGI   is subdivided in Working Groups, concerning Grid configuration (Working Group 1), Regulatory issues (Working Group 2) and Planning and Permitting (Working Group 3) and steered by a Programme Board.




To date, they have published the   following results:




NSCOGI 2013/14 progress report

NSCOGI 2012 report

NSCOGI 2011 report


Market arrangements (31 July 2014)

Cost allocation (31 July 2014)

North Seas Grid Study (16 November 2012)

Market arrangements under the virtual case study ( 8 November 2012)

Offshore Technology Report (16 October 2012)

Regulatory benchmark ( 13 January 2012)

Recommendations for guiding principles for the development of integrated offshore cross-border infrastructure (23 November 2012)

Procedural guidelines as a recommendation to national competent authorities (21 November 2012)




The Benelux Secretariat facilitates this cooperation. It also offers the neutral platform for   cooperation of the North Seas Countries’ Offshore Grid Initiative.

For more information regarding the Benelux General Secretariat :

Frederik Deloof - +32 25 19 38 23


 PowerPoint Presentations 

The reality of the North Sea offshore grid

- What will the Offshore Grid look like?

- An industry’s perspective on reducing the costs

- Case Study: how does the grid take place in german and dutch waters"


Mr R. Schroeder, ENTSO-E

Mr A. Stouge, Sea Star Alliance

Alan Croes, Tennet TSO

The regulatory framework for the offshore grid

How is the offshore grid managed from a market and regulatory point of view?

Case study: First steps towards an integrated offshore grid


Sue Harrison, UK Department for   Energy & Climate Change
 Joris Gazendam, Synergies@Sea

Less paperwork     for better grids

- Improving local acceptance for grid development and speeding up permitting   procedures: some practical tools and experiences

- Case study: opportunities for a special legal status compared to   harmonization of rules


Antina Sander, Renewables Grid Initiative

Martha Roggenkamp,Groningen Research Centre of Energy and Climate Law

- The missing links and possibilities for further harmonization of procedures

- The role of the European Parliament in the North Seas development

 Marta Navarrete, Friends of the   Supergrid

Claude Turmes, MEP, Chairman EUFORES